With California facing water shortfalls in the driest year in recorded state history, on January 17, 2014, Governor Brown proclaimed a State of Emergency and on July 15, 2014, the State Water Resources Control Board adopted emergency statewide regulations to require all California water agencies to mandate water-use restrictions.
Subsequently, A Level 2 Drought Alert was issued for San Diego County and Vallecitos Water District customers, calling for mandatory water conservation measures that will keep as much water as possible in storage for 2015 and comply with the emergency water conservation mandates adopted by the state.
More recently, Governor Brown then issued an Executive Order on April 1 that called for new and expedited actions to reduce water use.
Consequently, the City of San Marcos is discontinuing the irrigation of medians and parkways along City streets with decorative grass areas. As part of the same order, the City will also reduce watering of landscapes by at least 25 percent compared to 2013 water usage. This has mostly been achieved in response to the Level 2 drought restrictions.
The affected grass areas will soon turn and remain brown until alternative designs and resources are developed. The City apologizes for any interim aesthetic concerns and requests patience from residents as San Marcos works to convert the affected lawn areas into more sustainable landscapes.
Click here for a map and listing of affected grass areas in San Marcos.
Existing trees within the designated areas will not be affected and city staff is currently developing plans to keep trees alive and convert the turf areas into attractive, but drought resistant landscapes in the future.
To go the extra mile, irrigation of the large grass areas and parkways along San Marcos Boulevard at City Hall has also been halted, even though this area is irrigated with water from a City owned well source.
Thanks to a previously acquired state grant, work to transform the space started in January, 2016. The landscape design will feature feature an oval-shaped border with meadow grass and succulents or perennials. Higher efficiency sprinkler technology with drip irrigation and high-efficiency nozzles will also be put in place.
While newly planted varieties may look like grass from the past, the new “Native Move Free Sod” to be planted requires 50 percent less water than a traditional lawn and only needs mowing eight times per year.
Residents can report instances of water waste in public spaces like parks, trails and medians by online or calling the City’s Public Works Department at (760) 752-7550, ext. 3331. To report instances of water runoff into streets, sidewalk gutters or storm drains from public or residential areas please call the City’s Stormwater hotline at (760) 481-3878.Vallecitos Water District website. For the most up-to-date information on regional water supply availability, visit San Diego County Water Authority.
Mandatory Level 2 conservation measures will remain in place until drought conditions improve.
1.) Splash pad closures
In order to comply with these state and regional restrictions, the City of San Marcos closed all splash pad water features at City parks beginning Friday, August 1. The splash pads will remain closed until drought conditions improve. By closing the splash pads, the City anticipates saving between 8,100 and 12,150 gallons of water per day.
Parks affected by the splash pad closures include: Sunset Park, San Elijo Park, Buelow Park, Mulberry Park and Discovery Lake Park.
2.) Reducing irrigation schedules
To further conservation efforts, the City is adjusting irrigation schedules and cutting back on watering in all San Marcos parks and other landscaped public spaces like center medians, street parkways and trails by 25 percent. This includes all areas supplied by City-owned groundwater wells.
3.) Fountain features shut off
City Hall’s two fountain features we shut off in 2014 to comply will the Governor's original order and will remain shut off until further notice. The fountain at Woodland Park pond has not been shut off because the water feature is an integral to maintaining the pond water quality, is fed by well water and the pond water is re-circulated as the supply for the irrigation of the park landscape.
Other current water conservation efforts1.) High efficiency sprinklers
Since 2010, the City’s Public Works Department had retrofitted approximately 4,900 conventional sprinkler spray heads with high efficiency sprinkler heads, resulting in 30 percent less water use and reduced runoff waste.
This year alone, the City’s Public Works Department installed nearly 3,000 new rotator nozzles in turf areas and medians. Six new SMART controllers covering nine acres were also installed to make real-time adjustments based on weather information to avoid water waste. This allowed San Marcos to meet the 25% reduction mandate, in large part, in advance of the Governor’s Executive Order.
2.) Drip irrigation
Drip irrigation is the targeted, intelligent application of water, that when used properly can provide great benefits. Based on the City’s Water Efficient Landscape Ordinance, all new median and parkway landscapes are being installed using drip irrigation. Additionally, more than a third of the City’s maintained areas utilize drip as the primary irrigation source.
3.) Native/Drought tolerant plants
Native and/or drought tolerant plants are being used extensively in new public space landscaping projects. Plant selection includes species like Agave hybrid 'Blue Glow', Agave hybrid 'Blue Flame', Cape Rush, California Meadow Sedge, Arizona Blue Cypress, Blue Flax Lily, Bulbine 'Tangering Beauty,' Chilean Mesquite 'Thornless,' Dalea capitata, and Chinese Pistache 'Sierra Gold.'
Recent projects that used native and/or drought tolerant landscaping include the Montiel Park expansion; Tiger Way and Autumn Drive in the Richmar area; Buelow, Sunset and Connors Parks (other than the turf areas); the Barham Drive Urban Trail (along the CSUSM frontage); Campus Way (next to the Quad) and medians on South Rancho Santa Fe Road.
4.) Irrigation water audits
The City requires water audits prior to the acceptance of public landscaping projects. Certified city staff are also performing water audits of existing maintenance projects and public parks to improve irrigation efficiency.
Planned water conservation efforts and irrigation runoff management1.) Retrofit public landscapes
Street medians, parkways and city-maintained facilities will be systematically upgraded—as budgets allow—to install drip irrigation and native and/or drought tolerant landscaping. The older, less efficient areas will be targeted first and attention will be paid to assure compatibility with adjacent landscape architecture.
The Town Center turf grass medians and parkways along San Marcos Boulevard will be converted to a drought tolerant meadow grass landscape with permeable edge treatments and drip irrigation.
Other medians and parkway spray irrigation will be converted to high efficiency sprinklers and/or smart controllers as grant funds are available. Landscaped areas funded through local community facilities districts (CFDs) will be gradually converted to more efficient irrigation components and native/drought tolerant plant materials as funding is available within those individual CFD zones and/or those components need replacement.
2.) Retrofit fixtures in City buildings
Over the next two years the Real Property Services Department plans to replace the remaining 110 lavatory faucets with automatic shutoff/low-flow faucets, install low-flow shower heads and aerators at all fire stations and at Public Works. Time-controlled showers at other select facilities will also be installed.
Click here to view the City’s Water Efficient Landscape Ordinance.
For more information about the city’s water conservation efforts, please contact the Public Works Department at (760) 752-7550, ext. 3331.